American Hazel (Corylus americana)

Common Name Latin Name Plant Family
American Hazel
Corylus americana
Betulaceae

The plant makes a good screening hedge[159].

  • Medicinal Use

    A tea made from the bark is astringent[222]. It was used in the treatment of hives and fevers[222, 257]. A poultice made from the bark is used to close cuts and wounds, treat tumours, old sores etc[222, 257].

  • Edible Use

    Seed – raw or cooked in soups, bread, biscuits, sweets etc[63, 101, 183]. The nuts have a thick shell with a small sweet kernel[183], they make an excellent dessert[K]. Nuts at the ‘milk’ stage (before they are fully ripe) are softer and sweeter[183]. The seed is rich in oil. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[K]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[K].

    An edible oil is obtained from the seed,

  • Cautionary Notes

    None known

Cultivation & Habitat

Seed – best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[164]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 – 4 months cold stratification[164]. Germinates in 1 – 6 months at 20¡c[164]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K]. Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[78, 200]. Division of suckers in early spring. Very easy, they can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils including chalk, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility[11, 200]. It does well in a loamy soil[11, 200]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[1, 11]. This species is cultivated in America for its edible seed, there are some named varieties[61, 183]. This species is of little value in Britain, however, rarely bearing seeds[11]. Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large[11].
Eastern N. America – Maine to Georgia, west to Saskatchewan and Oklahoma.

Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.

*None of the information on this website qualifies as professional medical advice. Take only what resonates with your heart and use your own personal responsibility for what’s best for you. For more information [brackets] [000], see bibliography.