Giant Fennel (Ferula communis)

Perennial
F. brevifolia. F. linkii.
Common Name Latin Name Plant Family
Giant Fennel
Ferula communis
Umbelliferae

A gum ‘Gum Ammoniac’ is obtained by notching the root[46, 61, 64, 100]. It is used as an incense[4], it also has medicinal value[1].

The stems are used in furniture making[89].

The dried pith is used as a tinder, it burns very slowly inside the stem and can thus be carried from one place to another[89, 100, 148].

  • Medicinal Use

    One report says that the root yields a gum with medicinal properties but no details are given[1].

  • Edible Use

    Leaves[183]. No further details are given.

  • Cautionary Notes

    None known

Cultivation & Habitat

Seed – best sown as soon as the seed is ripe in a greenhouse in autumn[1]. Otherwise sow in April in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Plant them out into their permanent positions whilst still small because the plants dislike root disturbance[1]. Give the plants a protective mulch for at least their first winter outdoors. Division in autumn. This may be inadvisable due to the plants dislike of root disturbance.
Succeeds in most soils[1] including dry ones according to one report[190] whilst others say that it requires a deep moist fertile soil in a sunny position[111, 200]. Established plants are drought resistant[190]. This species is hardy to about -10¡c, possibly lower if the rootstock is mulched in the winter[187]. A very ornamental plant[1], though the flowers have a most unpleasant rancid smell[245]. Plants are often monoecious[187]. Plants are intolerant of root disturbance due to their long taproot[200]. They should be planted into their final positions as soon as possible. The sub-species brevifolia is the form used for its gum[1, 46, 61, 100].
Europe – Mediterranean.

Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.

*None of the information on this website qualifies as professional medical advice. Take only what resonates with your heart and use your own personal responsibility for what’s best for you. For more information [brackets] [000], see bibliography.