Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster)
|Common Name||Latin Name||Plant Family|
Often planted as a shelterbelt along exposed coasts[11, 49, 59, 75, 81] and also to stabilize sandy soils[50, 89]. It is very tolerant of maritime exposure, but may require staking when it is young.
A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles.
The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat.
This species is the major source of resin in Europe, it is extensively planted, especially along the Atlantic coast of Europe[50, 64, 200]. Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile. The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood[4, 64]. In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields. Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin and is separated by distillation[4, 64]. Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc. Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc. Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.
Wood – rough carpentry, boxes, pit props etc. A source of pulp wood[11, 100].
Cultivation & Habitat
Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.