Oriental Beech (Fagus orientalis)

Common Name Latin Name Plant Family
Oriental Beech
Fagus orientalis
Fagaceae

None known

  • Medicinal Use

    None known

  • Edible Use

    Young leaves – raw. A very nice mild flavour, but the leaves quickly become tough so only the youngest should be used. New growth is usually produced for 2 periods of 3 weeks each year, one in spring and one in mid-summer.

    Seed – raw or cooked. Rich in oil. The seed should not be eaten raw in large quantities. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then used with cereal flours when making bread, cakes etc.

    An edible semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[105, 177, 183].

  • Cautionary Notes

    Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, large quantities of the seed of many species in this genus are thought to be toxic.

Cultivation & Habitat

Seed – the seed has a short viability and is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. Protect the seed from mice. Germination takes place in the spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seedlings are slow growing for the first few years and are very susceptible to damage by late frosts. The seed can also be sown in an outdoor seedbed in the autumn. The seedlings can be left in the open ground for three years before transplanting, but do best if put into their final positions as soon as possible and given some protection from spring frosts.
Thrives on a light or medium soil, doing well on chalk, but ill-adapted for heavy wet soil[1, 11]. Fairly tolerant of most conditions, this is the most successful non-native species of Fagus in Britain[200]. Young trees are very shade tolerant, but are subject to frost damage so are best grown in a woodland position which will protect them[200]. Hybridizes in nature with F. sylvatica[11]. Large mature trees at Kew produced a very good crop of seed in 1999[K]. Trees have surface-feeding roots and also cast a dense shade. This greatly inhibits the growth of other plants and, especially where a number of the trees are growing together, the ground beneath them is often almost devoid of vegetation.
E. Europe to W. Asia.

Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.

*None of the information on this website qualifies as professional medical advice. Take only what resonates with your heart and use your own personal responsibility for what’s best for you. For more information [brackets] [000], see bibliography.