ALAINN: “BEAUTIFUL, FINE, LOVELY”. (IRISH) OLD IRISH ÁLAIND‎

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Timothy (Phleum pratense)

Common Name Latin Name Plant Family
Timothy
Phleum pratense
Gramineae

The stems have been used to make hair brushes[257].

The plant can yield up to 15 tonnes of plant material per hectare and is a potential source of biomass[269].

  • Medicinal Use

    Stored sterile timothy extracts arrested the growth of Sarcoma 45 and other tumour types[269].

  • Edible Use

    None known

  • Cautionary Notes

    Two allergens producing strong skin reactions and a haemaglutinating action have been isolated from timothy pollen. The pollen contains several flavonol-glycosides, among them dactylin (isorhamnetin-31,4-diglucoside)[269].

Cultivation & Habitat

Seed – sow spring in situ, only just covering the seed. If seed is in short supply, it can be surface sown in a pot in a cold frame. Ensure the pot does not dry out. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant out in the summer. Division in spring.
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in a sunny position in any ordinary soil[200]. The plant is not drought tolerant[269]. Timothy grass is reported to tolerate an annual precipitation in the range of 35 to 176cm, an annual temperature range of 4.4 to 18.6¡C, and a pH of 4.5 to 7.8[269]. The plant is best adapted to a cool, humid, temperate climate, growing best on rather heavy, deep and moist or even wet soils[269]. Yields are lower on light dry soils and sands[269]. The optimum temperature for growth is 18.3¡ – 21.6¡C varying with day/night temperatures of 15¡/10¡C and 21¡/15¡C[269]. Timothy grass is a very variable species that is commonly grown as a hay grass. Several named forms have been develped[17, 269]. A short-lived perennial it is a common cause of hayfever[257]. An attractive addition to the wild flower meadow, the inflorescence dries and dyes well so is used in dried flower displays[200].
Britain.

Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.

*None of the information on this website qualifies as professional medical advice. Take only what resonates with your heart and use your own personal responsibility for what’s best for you. For more information [brackets] [000], see bibliography.