Toothed Bur-Clover (Medicago polymorpha)

M. denticulata. M. hispida.
Common Name Latin Name Plant Family
Toothed Bur-Clover
Medicago polymorpha

Used as a green manure, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen[46, 206].

  • Medicinal Use

    None known

  • Edible Use

    Leaves and young shoots – raw or cooked as a potherb[2, 179, 183]. Only the young leaves are eaten raw[177]. Plants can be harvested on a cut and come again basis, the first harvest can be made about one month after sowing, plants can then be harvested another 3 – 4 times at intervals of a few weeks[206]. The young leaves contain about 6% protein, 0.14% fat, 9.5% carbohydrate, 1.4% ash. They are rich in vitamins A, C, and E[179].

    Flowers – raw or cooked[105, 183].

    Seed – cooked[257]. The seed can be parched, ground into a powder and mixed with water to make a mush[257].

  • Cautionary Notes

    None known

Cultivation & Habitat

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ[206]. The seed can also be sown in situ in the autumn[206].
Prefers a dry neutral soil and dislikes shade. Prefers a light well-drained soil[206]. A very variable plant[17]. Cultivated for its edible leaves in China[206]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.
Central and southern Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and Asia.

Become ungovernable, break the chains of the matrix; grow and forage your own food and medicine.

*None of the information on this website qualifies as professional medical advice. Take only what resonates with your heart and use your own personal responsibility for what’s best for you. For more information [brackets] [000], see bibliography.